Takuo Sugano has dedicated his career to strengthening the understanding of semiconductor materials to enable progress in developing advanced silicon-based electronic devices and the continued growth of the industry. During the 1960s, he tackled instability issues in silicon metal-oxide-field-effect-transistors (MOSFETs) caused by sodium contamination. Using radio-activation analysis, Sugano demonstrated the physical mechanism of prevention of sodium ions from moving in the dielectric, leading to more stability and enabling more reliable and high-performance MOSFETs. Assuming that chemical bonds between silicon and oxygen or silicon at silicon dioxide-silicon interfaces are stretched, he also proposed a novel model on the origin of the U-shaped energy distribution of density of trap state at silicon dioxide-silicon interfaces. His work on electron transport in the silicon inversion layer highlighted the effect of surface quantization of carriers in MOSFET channels at room temperature to improve the dynamic characteristics of silicon MOSFETs. The resulting improvement in performance helped move the commercial application of silicon MOSFETs beyond personal calculators. To further improve MOSFET reliability, Sugano then focused his efforts on electron and hole trapping in silicon dioxide films that were thermally grown in an ultra-dry or conventional oxidizing atmosphere on the surface of silicon substrates and the generation of interface trap states by electron or hole injection. Also important to increasing the understanding of semiconductor materials was Sugano’s role in establishment of a class-100 clean room in 1975 at the University of Tokyo at a time when clean rooms were not popular at universities. Sugano has also made pioneering contributions to III-V semiconductors, superconducting (Josephson junction) devices, and single-electron transistors. He developed an anodic oxidation process for III/V compound semiconductors in inductively coupled plasma and demonstrated its usefulness for fabricating gallium arsenide insulated-gate FETs. He also has made important contributions to plasma processes for fabrication of silicon large scale integrated circuits, including plasma etching, plasma cleaning, and plasma oxidation.
An IEEE Life Fellow and recipient of the Person of Cultural Merit award (2006) from the government of Japan, Sugano is a Professor Emeritus with the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
A technical and managerial trailblazer for over three decades, Martin van den Brink has driven innovations in optical lithography critical to advancing Moore’s Law for the continued development of smaller and more advanced electronics. Optical lithography is a microfabrication process in which light-sensitive chemicals are used to transfer circuit patterns onto chip wafers, enabling mass production of integrated circuits. One of ASML’s first employees from its start-up in 1984, Dr. van den Brink’s technical direction has positioned ASML as the world’s largest supplier of essential optical lithography systems for the semiconductor industry. Dr. van den Brink has been responsible for practically all major technical decisions at ASML. He introduced modular design and an open innovation policy with technology and manufacturing partners during the 1980s. In the 1990s, he was instrumental in ASML’s move from step to scan lithography. His introduction of the TWINSCAN dual-stage architecture in 2001 provided major improvements in productivity and accuracy. Under Dr. Van den Brink’s leadership, ASML delivered one of the most important innovations for the continuation of Moore’s Law: immersion lithography (2004), which provided a higher-resolution pattering solution to allow continued scaling down to 40 nm. It remains the lithography process of choice for the semiconductor industry. Dr. van den Brink has also pioneered holistic lithography for cost-effective multiple patterning, which has enabled imaging resolution below 20 nm. He currently oversees ASML’s biggest innovation effort to date: the introduction of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, which will take single-exposure patterning down to ever smaller resolutions over the next ten years. This will enable Moore’s Law to continue for at least another decade from a cost-effective patterning perspective.
A Royal Knight of the Order of the Dutch Lion, Dr. van den Brink is currently President and Chief Technology Officer of ASML, Veldhoven, the Netherlands.
The technical and business leadership skills of John E. Kelly, III have driven technology advancements at IBM and have impacted the global semiconductor industry, resulting in cutting-edge semiconductor research. The founder of IBM’s Semiconductor Research and Development Center in 1996, Dr. Kelly was the driving force in merging IBM’s separate R&D organizations into a seamless structure, increasing innovation and bringing technology to market more quickly. Under Dr. Kelly’s leadership, IBM set the pace in semiconductor technology development, unveiling back-end-of-the line copper interconnect technology ahead of industry, introducing the transition to 200-mm wafer scale, and bringing silicon-on-insulator technology to the high-end processor market. Dr. Kelly is responsible for 12 research laboratories and over 3,000 scientists located around the world, and he has opened IBM’s labs to close collaborations with clients, bringing leading-edge research to bear on their toughest challenges. He has been instrumental in establishing important IBM alliances with many of the world's leading semiconductor companies, such as Samsung and Toshiba, that have helped to disseminate leading-edge process technology throughout the industry at a significantly reduced cost through resource sharing. He also helped develop a new patent strategy that opened up access to much of IBM’s intellectual property, allowing collaborative efforts with partner firms across organizational and industrial boundaries. Dr. Kelly also cofounded the Center for Semiconductor Research at the State University of New York, Albany, NY, USA, which serves as a model of collaboration among corporate entities, university faculty and students, and government agencies. His reputation and network of global relationships have attracted a literal who’s who of semiconductor technology to the Center. He has authored numerous technical publications and recently published the book "Smart Machines: IBM’s Watson and the Era of Cognitive Computing" with writer Steve Hamm on Columbia University Press.
Dr. Kelly is Senior Vice President and Director of Research with IBM Corporation, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA. He is an IEEE Fellow, recipient of the 2010 IEEE Frederik Philps Award, and a member of the US National Academy of Engineering, and in October 2013 he received the NAE’s Arthur M. Bueche Award.
The innovative technology development and manufacturing methods and leadership of Sunlin Chou and Youssef A El-Mansy propelled Intel Corporation to its position as an industry-leading manufacturer of logic devices and accelerated advancements in computing. Drs. Chou and El-Mansy stepped forward during the mid-1980s to meet the challenges of high-volume and high-yield manufacturing needed for long-term success in the microprocessor industry. The pair developed and implemented key organizational and process changes that transformed Intel into a logic technology leader. Their methodology for transitioning advanced technologies to mass production enabled Intel to introduce innovations in semiconductor processing including strained silicon, high-k/metal gate transistors, and tri-gate transistors. The leadership of Drs. Chou and El-Mansy played a major role in Intel’s ability to stay up to two generations ahead of competitors in rolling out new advances. To capture manufacturing benefits from reducing in-fabrication defects during the development stage, Drs. Chou and El-Mansy implemented the “Copy Exactly” methodology. With this method, the equipment and processes used at the development site in Oregon were precisely replicated at other manufacturing sites for quick production ramps with high yields. They also established multi-generation technology pipelines in which multiple teams worked in parallel to move innovations seamlessly and rapidly from exploratory research through development and into production. Using these methods, Drs. Chou and El-Mansy led Intel in the 1990s to achieve and maintain shorter two-year technology cycles, compared to the three-year cycles then prevalent in the industry. The advantages gained from accelerated silicon scaling and advancement of Moore’s Law contributed substantially to Intel’s leadership in microprocessors and logic products.
A member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, Dr. Chou’s honors include being named to the Scientific American list of 50 Manufacturing Business Leaders (2002). He retired from Intel in 2005 as senior vice president and general manager of its Technology and Manufacturing Group.
An IEEE Fellow, Dr. El-Mansy’s honors include the IEEE Frederik Philips Award (2004). He retired from Intel in 2004 as vice president and director of logic technology development.
Yoon-Woo Lee’s vision and leadership established Korea as a global leader in producing semiconductor memory chips and liquid-crystal-display (LCD) technologies and helped build Samsung Electronics into the world’s largest electronics company. At a time when Korea had no established semiconductor industry, Mr. Lee helped launch Samsung’s semiconductor business as a young engineer during the early 1970s. In markets dominated by the United States and Japan, within 20 years Mr. Lee established Samsung as one of the major suppliers of semiconductor technology for memory and display applications, placing Korea on the semiconductor map in the process. Under Mr. Lee’s leadership, during the 1990s Samsung emerged as a leader in dynamic random access memory (DRAM) and static RAM (SRAM) for the computer industry. By 2002, Mr. Lee drove Samsung’s introduction of flash memory into the marketplace, enabling the memory cards and USB drives that have revolutionized how we store information. Through these accomplishments, Samsung became the No. 2 semiconductor manufacturer in the world. Mr. Lee also personally directed Samsung’s entry into the thin-film transistor LCD market in 1995. Within four years, Samsung captured the notebook computer monitor market. By 2002, Mr. Lee led Samsung to the top of the flat-panel display market dominated by Japanese manufacturers, providing LCD technology for notebooks, desktop monitors, and televisions. Mr. Lee has also contributed to 4G wireless advancements and next-generation memory chips including three-dimensional semiconductor memory.
Mr. Lee joined Samsung Electronics in 1968 and has held positions including vice chairman, chief executive officer, chief technology officer, and head of the Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology. Mr. Lee is currently executive advisor with Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Seoul, Korea.
Pasquale Pistorio’s pioneering efforts helped improve the microelectronics industry in Europe and formed one of the world’s top semiconductor manufacturers. Pistorio merged Italy’s SGS Group with France’s Thomson Semiconducteurs during the 1980s to form what is today known as STMicroelectronics. In 1980, Pistorio left Motorola Corporation while general manager of its International Semiconductor Division to take on the challenge of reviving the only remaining microelectronics company in his native Italy. As chief executive officer of the SGS Group, Pistorio transformed the struggling company into a successful semiconductor manufacturer. This led to the merger with Thomson in 1987, which positioned the newly formed company, then known as SGS-Thomson Microelectronics, as a strong international competitor. Pistorio’s leadership skills were crucial in overcoming the anxieties and mistrust initially involved with this first-of-its-kind merger of equals in a very competitive industry. His vision and leadership helped overcome the diverse social, economic, and political landscape in Europe to successfully add and merge companies in France, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Pistorio was also a key driver of advanced technology research groups that helped Europe close the technology gap with the rest of the world as companies learned that competitors could become respected partners for the good of the industry. An advocate of environmental protection who believes that environmentally friendly companies are more financially competitive, Pistorio also has a special interest in bridging the imbalance between those with access to technology and those without.
Pistorio retired from STMicroelectronics, Geneva, Switzerland, as president and chief executive officer in 2005 and is the company’s honorary chairman.
Possessing a rare blend of technological aptitude, business acumen and community leadership, James C. Morgan has made a major impact on the advancement of microelectronics technology around the world. At Applied Materials, Inc., headquartered in Santa Clara, Calif., Mr. Morgan’s long-term vision – involving significant research and development, strong support of engineering, early market penetration and globalization – guided the company to become the world’s largest manufacturer of semiconductor equipment. Nearly every new chip produced around the world is made using equipment manufactured by Applied Materials. In line with Mr. Morgan’s vision, Applied Materials has made more powerful, portable and affordable chips possible, enabled ultra-large flat panel TV screens and, more recently, brought manufacturing scale and expertise to the effort to reduce the cost of solar energy.
Mr. Morgan joined Applied Materials as President in 1976, and went on to serve as Chief Executive Officer from 1977 to 2003, and as Chairman of the Board of Directors from 1987 to 2009. He currently is Chairman Emeritus.
A founding member of Semiconductor Equipment Materials International/SEMATECH, Mr. Morgan has been instrumental in developing industry-wide technology roadmaps that enable companies to collaborate and develop products more efficiently. Mr. Morgan shared some of the lessons learned at Applied Materials in his 1991 book, “Cracking the Japanese Market: Strategies for Success in the New Global Economy.” Under Mr. Morgan’s leadership, Applied Materials has received numerous awards for its drive and commitment to achieving sustainability in a clean technology economy and for its social responsibility.
Chairman and founder of SanDisk, one of the world’s leading semiconductor nonvolatile memory companies, Dr. Eli Harari is a recognized leader in flash memory. Dr. Harari’s vision for SanDisk has been to create a revolutionary flash memory technology that would enable low-cost solid-state storage to replace chemical film or rotating magnetic disk drives.
In 1988, embryonic flash memory technology was slow, unreliable and expensive. SanDisk pioneered numerous technological breakthroughs, captured in more than 1500 patents, which systematically overcame these limitations, drove costs down and opened new large-scale markets. The flash chip was re-architected and mated with sophisticated controllers that provided reliable high-speed multiple writes, while multi-level cell (MLC) technology and Moore’s Law lowered costs drastically. SanDisk worked with major competitors to create new industry-standard formats such as the PC Card, CompactFlash, Secure Digital (SD) card, Memory Stick, miniSD and microSD.
Over the past 20 years, flash products brought about the demise of 35mm film due to digital film cards, eliminated tape and CDs in favor of flash-based MP3 players, replaced floppy disks with USB flash drives and will soon gradually supplant DVDs and hard disk drives with flash solid-state disks. Flash has become pervasive and ubiquitous, enabling content on-the-go any time, anywhere—in consumer electronics, mobile phones and industrial/automotive/medical and military devices.
An IEEE member with over 100 patents, Dr. Harari’s contributions have earned him widespread recognition, including the 2006 IEEE Reynold B. Johnson Data Storage Device Technology Award. He has served as Chairman and CEO since SanDisk’s inception in 1988, growing the company to over $3 billion in annual revenues.
Paul R. Gray, Executive Vice Chancellor and Provost, Emeritus at the University of California at Berkeley has laid many of the foundations for mixed signal integrated circuit design, which today is central to wireless communication devices, computer disk drives and a variety of other electronics applications.
Dr. Gray’s achievements in academia and industry research have been substantial. The early work of he and his colleagues and students helped overcome many of the technical problems related to the use of standard low-cost complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology, making them suitable for such applications. His research is frequently cited and used in many areas of modern analog integrated circuit design.
During his 37-year academic career, Dr. Gray has authored or co-authored nearly 170 published papers and has secured 11 patents. He co-authored the book, “Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits,” currently in its fourth edition, which is considered to be one of the standard undergraduate texts in the field of electronic design. Dr. Gray’s students have gone on to establish a number of prominent companies in the semiconductor technology space, most notably Marvell Technology Group, founded by Berkeley graduates, which currently has a market value of more than US$6 billion.
An IEEE Life Fellow, Dr. Gray is a past recipient of the IEEE James H. Mulligan Jr. Education Medal, the IEEE Solid State Circuits Award and the American Society for Engineering Education Benjamin Garver Lamme Award. He holds a bachelor’s, masters and doctorate degrees from the University of Arizona, Tuscon.
Aart de Geus is a pioneer in the field of electronic design automation (EDA). His contributions have revolutionized the way digital design is done today.
In the mid-1980s, Dr. de Geus led a team that developed the SOCRATES program, which incorporated timing optimization into a synthesis solution. The R&D at the research center was the genesis for the first broad commercial application of synthesis to modern integrated circuit (IC) design. Synthesis is an essential competitive technology that has changed the way in which IC design is approached.
In 1986 Dr. de Geus founded Synopsys Inc., a global leader in semiconductor design software, intellectual property (IP), design for manufacturing (DFM) solutions and professional services. Currently, he serves as chairman and CEO for Synopsys. In the 20 years since the company was founded, Dr. de Geus has helped Synopsys grow from a start-up, to a software company with annual sales in excess of $1 billion.
An IEEE Fellow, Dr. de Geus has authored more than 25 papers on logic synthesis, simulation, timing, and interconnect delay. He holds a masters of science in electrical engineering from Swiss Federal Polytechnical Institute, Switzerland and a doctorate in electrical engineering from Southern Methodist University, TX. Dr. de Geus was named CEO of the year in 2002 by Electronic Business magazine, 2004 Entrepreneur of the Year in IT for California by Ernst & Young and one of the 10 Most Influential Executives of 2005 by Electronic Business magazine.
For more than 30 years, Shoichiro Yoshida, the former chairman of the board and chief executive officer of Nikon Corporation in Tokyo, Japan, oversaw initiatives that led to major accomplishments in integrated circuit (IC) lithography. Among his most notable accomplishments is his contribution to the progress and technology of Stepper/Scanners – high precision instruments used in the complex process of making integrated circuits. Additionally he developed the initial research and development for Nikon’s extensive line of digital cameras.
Mr. Yoshida led an R&D effort for “step-and-repeat” systems, which resulted in the manufacture in 1980 of the first “stepper," a lithography device critical to semiconductor manufacturing. Since then, he has directed many successful projects that developed and marketed high-performance IC lithography tools and helped establish Nikon as the world leader in this technology.
One successful project involved the world’s first scanner/stepper, noted for its revolutionary 5x reduction projection system. He also developed marketing and after-sales and service channels for Nikon’s IC products around the world.
The former Nikon chairman has helped shape the global semiconductor industry, serving as chairman of the board of SEMI, the global industry association for companies that provide equipment, materials and services used to manufacture semiconductors, nano-scaled structures and related technologies.
Mr. Yoshida is currently the chairman of the Japan Telescope Industries Association, the Japan Optical Industry Association. A former chairman of the Semiconductor Equipment Association of Japan and the Japan Society of Precision Engineering, he is also the recipient of the Medal with Blue Ribbon, Japan’s premier award for outstanding technology achievement.
LSI Logic Corporation chairman and chief executive officer Wilfred J. Corrigan has made vital contributions for more than 40 years to the business and technical growth of the semiconductor industry.
He was a founder and served twice as chairman of the Semiconductor Industry Association (SIA)and was the catalyst for identifying and achieving many key SIA research and development objectives through the creation of the Semiconductor Research Corporation and many other educational and training efforts.
An acknowledged champion of open competition and free trade, he was a driving force in the establishment of the World Semiconductor Council, a global organization of manufacturers dedicated to advancing the worldwide semiconductor industry.
As the founder of LSI Logic,Corrigan pioneered modern-day gate-array,standard-cell ASIC, system-on-a-chip and Platform ASIC businesses. Before founding LSI Logic, Corrigan spearheaded the growth of Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corporation as chairman, president and chief executive officer and earlier as its vice president and general manager of its Semiconductor Division. Corrigan is also an inventor and holds two U.S. patents related to field-effective device manufacturing and gas etching.
He is a recipient of the SIA's Robert N. Noyce Award, Semico Research's Bellwether Award and the Silicon Valley Leadership Group's Lifetime Achievement Award. He also is a member of the board of directors of the Semiconductor Industry Association, a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering, Imperial College and London's City and Guild Institute.a driving force in the establishment of the World Semiconductor Council, a a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering, Imperial College and London's City and Guild Institute.
Dr. Craig R. Barrett, chief executive officer of Intel Corporation in Santa Clara, California, has made profound contributions to the semiconductor industry. Since joining Intel in 1974, he has driven significant improvements to the company's process control, statistical analysis and problem solving. Dr. Barrett fine-tuned Intel's manufacturing process, thereby improving yields and developing a higher quality materials supply base; fueling enhancements in quality consciousness; and introducing a standardization methodology that allowed processes to be transferred from site to site, resulting in improved factory performance. Today Intel provides microprocessors for over 80 percent of the world's computers. An industry spokesman, Dr. Barrett serves on numerous boards including those of Semiconductor Industry Association and SEMATECH.
He has led the development of the Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors and University Focus Research Program, which funds and coordinates semiconductor research efforts for universities. He also has championed issues important to public policy; research and development; environment, health and safety; and education. Prior to joining Intel, he spent ten years on the faculty of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California.
An IEEE Senior Member, Dr. Barrett is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering and sits on the board of Achieve, Inc. A recipient of a Fulbright and a NATO postdoctoral fellowship, he is the author of a textbook, 'Principles of Engineering Materials,'and more than 40 technical papers. Under Dr. Barrett's leadership, Intel's educational outreach has focused on improving math and science education and encouraging students to enter technical careers.
A laser physics business and technology visionary, Donald R. Scifres helped launch a revolution in the optical communications industry. His founding contributions to distributed feedback lasers, high power diode arrays, vertical cavity surface emitting lasers and more have consistently delivered sophisticated devices into the market.
At Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, where he worked from 1972-1983, he and his coworkers patented the pioneering distributed feedback semiconductor injection laser. It became the preferred light source for high-speed, long distance optical fiber communications.
In 1983, Dr. Scifres founded Spectra Diode Laboratories, Inc. (SDL), in San Jose, Calif., which became a leading supplier of fiber optic communications components and modules. The company's products included high-power semiconductor lasers, erbium doped fiber amplifiers, light modulators, optical performance monitors, planar lightwave circuits and high-speed electronics for powering fiber optic communications. SDL merged with JDS Uniphase Corporation in 2001, and Scifres served as co-chairman and chief strategy officer until his retirement in January 2003. He is now chairman of SDL Ventures, an investment company.
Dr. Scifres holds more than 130 patents and has published more than 300 articles and book contributions. A Fellow of the IEEE, he has been president, board member and technical committee chair of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS). He has also been a director of the Optical Society of America (OSA), and president and director of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Manufacturers Association.
Dr. Scifres' honors include the IEEE Jack A. Morton Award, an IEEE Third Millennium Medal and the IEEE LEOS Award for Engineering Achievement. A member of the International Society for Photonics and Optical Engineering, the American Physical Society and the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, and Fellow of the OSA, he has also earned the Rank Prize from the Rank Foundation, the OSA's Edwin H. Land Medal and the American Physical Society's George E. Pake Prize.
Dr. Yoshio Nishi has blazed an exceptional trail in the field of semiconductor research and development. During his two decades of leadership with Toshiba, from 1962-1982, he pioneered such strategies as R&D and production collocation, and overlapping, staggered R&D teams, which resulted in highly efficient technology development and delivery, and made Toshiba a top manufacturer of DRAM. His revolutionary concept of pre-competitive partnership continues to allow the semiconductor industry to share risk and cost. He also led the development teams responsible for the world’s first mass-produced 1-Mbit CMOS DRAM, 256k CMOS SRAM. These advances led to the global shift in VLSI technology from nMOS to CMOS.
At Hewlett-Packard, from 1986-1995, his high-performance CMOS team developed 0.8 and 0.5 micron technologies, which enabled the company to commercialize the world’s fastest CMOS RISC machines. As senior vice president and director of the Research and Development Semiconductor Group at Texas Instruments, Dr. Nishi has continued to advance the industry through collaborative initiatives such as International Sematech and Seminconductor Research Corporation. He also is credited with helping TI become a leader in silicon technology.
An IEEE Fellow, Dr. Nishi has published more than 120 papers. He has written and co-authored several books and holds more than 50 patents. His honors include the IEEE Jack A. Morton Award.
Hajime Sasaki has demonstrated vital leadership in developing both the technology and business of semiconductors.
Mr. Sasaki has advanced the semiconductor industry in key positions with the IEEE, the World Semiconductor Council, and other groups. He is credited with providing key wisdom that helped build strong international relationships and corporate partnerships in the semiconductor industry even during years of difficult trade relations between the United States and Japan.
In the many positions he has held at the NEC Corporation, including Chairman, Mr. Sasaki has made seminal contributions to the field of integrated circuits. From helping to develop early bipolar circuits, to, more recently, leading the development of System-on-a-Chip technology, he has consistently demonstrated remarkable skill and vision. Mr. Sasaki and his teams at NEC are also credited with revolutionizing certain CAD technologies.
Hajime Sasaki was born on 6 April 1936, in Nagoya, Japan. He earned his B.S. and M.S. from University of Tokyo, in 1959 and 1961, respectively.
Mr. Sasaki joined NEC Corporation in 1961. His many achievements there include leading the establishment of 28 design centers, expanding manufacturing plants, and playing a significant role in introducing the SoC(system on a chip) into computer and communications systems.
As Chairman of the Steering Committee of Electron Devices of EIAJ in the early 1990s, Mr. Sasaki inspired collaboration and harmonization in the semiconductor industry. In addition, he spearheaded the development of the Semiconductor Industry Research Institute Japan, and has given key talks at conferences such as the ISSCC, IEDM, VLSI Symposium, and ISSM. Currently, he is working for KEIDANREN as Executive Director, and for the Japan Association of Corporate Executives as Vice-Chairman of the Committee on Environment, Resources, and Energy.
Mr. Sasaki is a Fellow of the IEEE and IEICE Japan, as well as a Foreign Associate of the NAE. His many awards include the IEEE Third Millennium Medal, the IEEE Fellow Award, and the Award of Persons of Scientific and Technological Merits from the Japanese government’s Science and Technology Agency.