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The following table provides an overview of how to present information for online materials.


How do I apply instructional strategies to online material?

  • Keep topics small and self-contained. Chunk in groups of three to five units of information.
  • Label topics clearly.
  • Use a template for consistency.
  • Disclose information in progressive layers.
  • Online material has no physical representation of its organization; there are no covers, chapters, or pages. Provide visual cues through metaphor or color.
  • Provide a sitemap, breadcrumbs, and edit features.
  • Consider readability and layout.
  • Reduce clutter and streamline content. Do not include unnecessary information.
  • Distinguish important information at the top of the page.
  • Use color and graphics appropriately. Be consistent and conservative; use color and graphics for clarification, not for explanation or decoration.
  • When designing the structure, consider the purpose; for instructional units, design sequentially; for browsing or reference, design hierarchically or associatively.
  • Structure each topic to answer one question.
  • Provide several access techniques: menu, index, table of contents, hypertext links, breadcrumbs, and searches.
  • Provide multiple entry points and paths to address a variety of learner needs.



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