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With more than 170 journals, 1,400 annual conferences, and other publication options, IEEE offers authors the opportunity to make a difference in their careers and in their fields. As an integral part of this mission, IEEE holds itself and its authors up to the highest of ethical standards.


IEEE Publishing Policies


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Definition of authorship

IEEE considers authorship to be based on substantial intellectual contribution. The list of authors on a work indicates who is responsible for the content of that work. Therefore it is critical that the list of authors on your work includes all of those—and only those—who had a significant role in its development.

IEEE considers individuals who meet all of the following criteria to be authors:

  1. Made a significant intellectual contribution to the theoretical development, system or experimental design, prototype development, and/or the analysis and interpretation of data associated with the work contained in the article
  2. Contributed to drafting the article or reviewing and/or revising it for intellectual content
  3. Approved the final version of the article as accepted for publication, including references

Contributors who do not meet all of the above criteria may be included in the Acknowledgment section of the article. Omitting an author who contributed to your work or including a person who did not fulfill all of the above requirements constitutes a breach of publishing ethics.


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Multi-author articles

Authors must agree on and designate a corresponding author before manuscript submission. In addition to all of the authorship duties described above, the corresponding author is also responsible for:

  1. Ensuring all appropriate co-authors are listed
  2. Obtaining from all co-authors their consent to be listed on the article and their approval of the final version accepted for publication
  3. Keeping all co-authors apprised of the article's status including furnishing all co-authors with copies of the reviewers' comments and a copy of the published version, as appropriate

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Plagiarism is the use of another's ideas, processes, results, or words without explicitly acknowledging the original author and source. Plagiarism in any form is unacceptable and is considered a serious breach of professional conduct, with potentially severe ethical and legal consequences.

Section 8.2.4.D of the PSPB Operations Manual provides detailed guidelines for a) handling allegations of plagiarism, b) applying appropriate corrective actions when findings of plagiarism have been reached, and c) referencing previously published material.


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IEEE Open Access

For authors who wish to publish their articles as Open Access (OA), IEEE offers three options--hybrid OA journals, IEEE Access, a multidisciplinary OA mega journal, and fully OA journals.


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Appropriate use of bibliometric indicators

IEEE recognizes the increasing importance of bibliometric indicators as independent measures of quality or impact of any scientific publication and therefore explicitly and firmly condemns any practice aimed at influencing the number of citations to a specific journal with the sole purpose of artificially influencing the corresponding indices. 

"A Word About Bibliometrics" from Gianluca Setti


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All IEEE journals require an Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) for all authors. ORCID is a persistent unique identifier for researchers and functions similarly to an article’s Digital Object Identifier (DOI). ORCIDs enable accurate attribution and improved discoverability of an author’s published work. The author will need a registered ORCID in order to submit a manuscript or review a proof in an IEEE journal.

Researchers can sign up for an ORCID for free via an easy registration process on  Learn more at or in a video at


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Additional resources


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IEEE Open Access

IEEE Open Access delivers articles free of charge to readers worldwide.