With countless pioneering achievements in electrometallurgy and materials science, Borys Paton has developed electric welding technologies that are widely used for performing complex operations in space, under water, and in other critical environments including medicine/surgery. His fundamental research into the interaction of welding heat sources with molten metal laid the foundation for a new avenue of metallurgy called special electrometallurgy, which has made possible the casting of super clean special steels and alloys, nonferrous metals, and unique composites. This work has opened prospects for creating advanced structural and functional materials for the 21st Century. Paton was among the first engineers to develop welding processes for space technologies, which were used by cosmonauts first in orbital flights and then in open outer space. He helped develop several devices for welding in space, including the Vulcan (1969), Zarnitsa (1974), and the Isparitel (1979). Paton led the development of electroslag welding in the early 1950s. This progressive method of joining metals has made it possible to fundamentally change the production and installation of large machines and structures, allowing the welding parts of practically unlimited thickness to the assembly site without subsequent machining. Paton has also applied advances in electric welding to medicine, providing a new direction in surgery with tissue-preserving welding and processing of live tissues. Now widely used in practical surgery for over 15 years, this method allows for a quick and almost bloodless cutting and joining of biological tissues. Wound healing after such operations is much quicker compared to conventional surgery, the duration of surgical procedures is considerably shorter, there is less hemorrhaging, and the postoperative rehabilitation of patients is quicker. The results demonstrated by Paton have spurred further development in this important technology for healthcare.
Recipient of the Hobart Memorial Medal from the American Welding Society (1983), Paton is president and academician of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine and director of its E.O. Paton Institute of Electric Welding, Kyiv, Ukraine.
During her accomplished career in the semiconductor industry, Telle Whitney developed a critical understanding of the challenges women face in technology sectors and used her experiences to become a pioneer for the promotion of women technologists. As president and chief executive officer of the Anita Borg Institute for Women (now known as AnitaB,org) from 2002 until 2017, Whitney shaped and executed the Institute’s mission of increasing the number of women technologists in the global workforce. Through Whitney’s vision, hard work, and intense commitment, AnitaB has identified issues, pushed both women and men to address the challenges, and inspired hundreds of thousands of women at all stages in their careers to persist and succeed. She guided the organization from a new and struggling nonprofit to one with a global reach and brand that has become an established force supporting women in technology. She led the development of a wide variety of programs aimed at recruiting, retaining, and advancing women. She cofounded, with computer scientist Anita Borg, the Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing Conference in 1994, which has grown exponentially from 500 attendees in 1994 to over 18,000 in 2017 and has become the premier global event for promoting and creating opportunities in technology for women. To expand the conference’s influence, the Grace Hopper Celebration India was launched in 2011 and had over 2,900 attendees in 2016. She has led the creation of the Systers network to build local communities of women technologists and their allies, cofounded the National Center for Women and Information Technology, and cofounded the BRAID (Building Recruiting and Inclusion for Diversity) project. BRAID works with computer science departments across the United States to help increase the participation of women and people of color in their undergraduate majors.
Recipient of the ACM’s Distinguished Service Award (2009) and named one of Fast Company’s Most Influential Women in Technology (2011), Whitney is Chief Executive Officer Emeritus, consultant, and Board Member with the Anita Borg Institute, Palo Alto, CA, USA.
From smartphones to quantum computing, Mihal (Mike) Lazaridis has been a catalyst at the heart of the most important technological developments of our time. His creativity, entrepreneurial spirit, and belief in the power of basic science as a transformative tool have put him at the forefront of innovation. Lazaridis founded Research in Motion in 1984, which became BlackBerry, where he developed one of the world’s first smartphones and in the process revolutionized personal mobile communications. Since its invention and evolution, the BlackBerry device has pushed the advancement of wireless communication, mobile computing, and computer security. Lazaridis turned his passion for theoretical physics into the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, which he established in 2000. The Institute has been widely recognized as a leading international center for physics research, training, and outreach. He also founded the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo, which is dedicated to the experimental foundations of the quantum computer. He has donated more than US$170 million to Perimeter, and more than US$120 million to the IQC. In March 2013, Lazaridis launched Quantum Valley Investments (QVI) with US$100 million to provide financial and intellectual capital for the development and commercialization of quantum physics and quantum computing breakthroughs. QVI aims to help transform ideas and early stage breakthroughs into commercially viable products, technologies, and services. QVI has been instrumental in realizing Lazaridis’ goal of creating in Waterloo a “Quantum Valley” to rival Silicon Valley by bringing the world’s best minds in physics, engineering, mathematics, computer science, and materials science together to collaborate on cutting-edge quantum research. Lazaridis has helped put Waterloo on the map as a recognized high technology center for physics and innovation that is fueling the next revolution in quantum physics.
A Fellow of the Royal Society of London and Royal Society of Canada and member of the Consumer Technology Hall of Fame, Lazaridis is managing partner of Quantum Valley Investments, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
A visionary quantum physicist and a pioneer of quantum information science, Anton Zeilinger has helped shape the future of quantum technologies, including quantum communications. Quantum communications will play an important role in protecting information channels against eavesdropping by using quantum cryptography. He has performed many groundbreaking experiments in quantum mechanics, from important fundamental tests all the way to innovative applications. Most of his research concerns the fundamental aspects and applications of quantum entanglement. He discovered (with Greenberger and Horne), and later realized in experiments, the first multiparticle entangled states. These have since become essential in fundamental tests of quantum mechanics and in quantum information science, most notably in quantum computation. Among the innovative applications he and his group developed are the first entanglement-based quantum cryptography, quantum teleportation of independent photons, key concepts in optical quantum computation, the one-way quantum computer, and novel entanglement-based imaging methods. Quantum teleportation involves sending quantum information where the exact state of an atom or photon can be transmitted exactly from one location to another, with the help of classical communication and previously shared quantum entanglement between the sending and receiving locations. With his team, he also realized a few of the first long-distance entanglement-based quantum communication experiments, first across the Danube River in Vienna and later in many experiments between the Canary Islands. He has developed various schemes of quantum cryptography, demonstrating photonic key distribution in optical fibers as well as through free space. He also performed numerous tests of Bell’s inequality, closing more loopholes and thus making quantum cryptography unconditionally secure. Recent work, in cooperation with the Chinese Academy of Sciences, includes the establishment of the world’s first intercontinental quantum cryptography link via the quantum satellite Micius. His work is providing the foundation for worldwide quantum communication and quantum cryptography networks.
Recipient of the inaugural Isaac Newton Medal from the United Kingdom’s Institute of Physics (2008), Zeilinger is a professor of physics at the University of Vienna and president of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria.
The developer of the world’s first bagless vacuum cleaner and many other novel products pervasive in today’s society, Sir James Dyson has reignited the spirit of invention around the world and championed the role that engineering and design can play in affecting positive change. Creating a multibillion-dollar industry based on his own inventions, Dyson is a shining example of how perseverance in the face of failure can lead to great accomplishments. Unhappy with the suction performance of a new vacuum cleaner, Dyson developed the idea of a bagless system using cyclonic separation to create a vacuum that would not lose suction as it picked up dirt. Over the course of five years and over 5,000 prototypes later, Dyson perfected his concept and introduced the G-Force cleaner. Facing industry opposition in the United Kingdom, Dyson brought the product to Japan in 1983. Despite being limited only to catalog sales, the cleaner was very popular in Japan, and Dyson used the proceeds to build his own company in Britain. He was then able to launch the Dyson DC01 vacuum in 1993, and it quickly became Britain’s best-selling vacuum. Dyson is committed to creating environments that position engineering as an attractive option for students seeking careers in science and technology, so he launched the James Dyson Foundation in 2002. Encouraging students to realize their engineering potential by thinking differently and by not being afraid to make mistakes, the Foundation provides resources for schools and also awards students for innovative product designs. Dyson has also demonstrated his commitment to engineering and design innovation by supporting research facilities such as a new technology hub at Cambridge University and the Dyson School of Design Engineering at Imperial College London.
A member of the United Kingdom Order of Merit and Fellow of the Royal Society of London, Dyson is the chief executive officer of Dyson Company, Malmesbury, Wiltshire, UK.
A Nobel-Prize-winning physicist who pioneered the discipline of cavity quantum electrodynamics (CQED), Serge Haroche has pushed the frontiers of CQED toward new achievements leading to practical applications in quantum optics and laser physics. With CQED, which involves studying the interaction of atoms with the quantum radiation field confined in highly reflective cavities, Haroche led a revolution in quantum electronics that brought quantum engineering into reality and has given substance to quantum thinking beyond what had been possible before. Building on Purcell’s proposal from the 1940s that the atomic spontaneous emission rate could be enhanced at will by a resonant cavity, Haroche opened the modern era of experimental CQED during the 1980s. He explored the strong coupling regime in which the atom field interaction overwhelms the dissipative process. He demonstrated spectacular effects of quantum mechanics, such as the modification of atomic spontaneous emission by properly engineering the vacuum field boundary conditions and the observation of atomic superradiance in a cavity. Haroche made photon-by-photon observations possible, giving scientists the ability to watch a quantum measurement unfold in real time. During the 1990s, Haroche was the first to investigate the decoherence of a mesoscopic quantum superposition, which is essential in the quantum measurement process and also provides an explanation of the lack of quantum superposition at the macroscopic scale. Haroche’s most recent work has focused on improving the quality of superconducting microwave cavities to enable real-time observation of quantum jumps of light through a quantum nondemolition photon counting process, which has opened new lines of research and helped realize quantum feedback loops.
A recipient of the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics and member of the European Physical Society, Haroche is a professor and chair of quantum physics with the Collège de France, Paris, France.
A leading scientist in the area of electromagnetic wave scattering and antennas, Rodolfo Zich has continuously worked to expand international collaborations in electronics and telecommunications by establishing university exchange programs and international conferences that have promoted research and higher education in information and communications technology engineering around the world. While president of the Politecnico di Torino, the leading technical university of Italy, he worked tirelessly to greatly strengthen the cooperation with industry, increase the competition in European research space, develop joint teaching and research programs with several European institutions, and to create a worldwide network of cooperative efforts with over 50 universities from all continents. Zich was instrumental in transforming the Politecnico into an international venue of excellence for engineering research and education, increasing the foreign student population to 20% and attracting some of the best electronics researchers in the world. He developed graduate-level student-exchange programs with several European and U.S. universities that have been in effect for over 20 years. In 1992 he created and directed a network to provide remote education at the master’s level, the first in Italy and one of the most advanced in Europe. To further promote international collaborations in diverse areas of electronics and communications, Zich established (in 1989) and has expanded the International Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications (ICEAA). The ICEAA has become a prestigious venue for international scientists and engineers held each year in different locations around the world. Zich also founded and has been chairing both the Istituto Superiore Mario Boella in Torino and the Torino Wireless Foundation, which are devoted to research and dissemination of advanced wireless technologies.
Zich is President, Torino Wireless Foundation and President, Istituto Superiore Mario Boella, Torino, Italy.
A visionary entrepreneur with an eye for technological innovation, Elon Musk’s ability to think into the future has already changed the way people live in the present. Pursuing his lifelong passion for space exploration, in 2002 Mr. Musk founded Space Exploration Technologies Corporation (SpaceX) with the goal of reducing space transportation costs to enable the colonization of Mars. In 2010, SpaceX became the first private company to successfully launch and return a spacecraft from low-Earth orbit with its Falcon 9 rocket. In 2012, the Falcon 9 delivered SpaceX’s Dragon spacecraft into orbit where it berthed with the International Space Station (ISS), exchanged cargo payloads, and returned safely to Earth, becoming the first private spacecraft to visit the ISS. SpaceX rockets have since transported cargo to and from the ISS multiple times. Soon, the Falcon 9 and an upgraded version of the Dragon spacecraft will transport astronauts into space, and SpaceX is actively working with NASA to achieve this objective. Mr. Musk and his colleagues founded Tesla Motors in 2003 to prove that electric cars could be better than gasoline-powered cars. The first company to incorporate lithium-ion batteries in its vehicles, Tesla produced its first electric sports car (the Roadster) in 2008, which became the first all-electric vehicle to travel more than 200 miles on a single charge. It also set the world record for a single charge by traveling 311 miles during the 2009 Global Green Challenge in Australia. In addition, Tesla sells its electric powertrain technologies to other automakers to promote production of electric vehicles at affordable prices. To combat global warming, Mr. Musk helped create SolarCity in 2006, which has become one of the largest providers of solar power systems in the United States. His Musk Foundation coordinates philanthropic efforts focusing on science, education, pediatric health, and clean energy.
A recipient of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale’s 2010 Gold Space Medal, the highest award in air and space, Mr. Musk is the CEO and Lead Designer of SpaceX; CEO and Chief Product Architect of Tesla Motors; and Chairman of SolarCity.
A champion of integrating biological sciences and engineering for the advancement of technology, Shirley M. Tilghman is responsible for groundbreaking discoveries in genetics and leading Princeton University (NJ, USA)’s engineering program to substantial growth by incorporating exposure to many scientific disciplines. Dr. Tilghman participated in cloning the first mammalian gene and also identified the H19 gene, which was important to genomic imprinting. She was one of the founding members of the National Advisory Council of the Human Genome Project for the US National Institutes of Health and helped set the blueprint for the U.S. effort in the Human Genome Project. As a professor at Princeton University, Dr. Tilghman envisioned the need to bring multiple scientific disciplines together to better interpret genomic data. In 1998, she became founding director of Princeton’s Lewis-Sigler Institute for Integrative Genomics, which promoted collaboration among chemical engineering, computer science, molecular biology, physics, and chemistry. Under Dr. Tilghman’s leadership as president of Princeton (2001 to 2013), the engineering program realized increases in enrollment, sponsored funding, and facility space. During her tenure, Dr. Tilghman promoted integration between the engineering program and the liberal arts, and she instituted key educational initiatives. The Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment was established to conduct research on new energy and environmental technologies, and the Keller Center for Innovation in Engineering Education was created to promote experiential learning, entrepreneurship, and leadership. She also helped launch the Princeton Neuroscience Institute and Princeton Center for Theoretical Science. Dr. Tilghman is also known for her national leadership in advancing the careers of women in science and engineering, serving as a role model and mentor.
A Fellow of the Royal Society of London and member of the US Institute of Medicine, Dr. Tilghman is President Emerita and a professor of molecular biology at Princeton University, NJ, USA.
Yoshio Utsumi’s vision and expertise have helped shape world policy on emerging information and communications technologies and paved the way for Internet Protocol (IP) communications networks and standards for 3G mobile communications. In Japan, Dr. Utsumi’s policy-making decisions during the 1980s were instrumental in introducing fully competitive telecommunications services and privatization of Nippon Telegraph and Telephone. His reforms resulted in a sharp drop in telephone rates and expansion of the cellular market. Dr. Utsumi’s efforts also enabled the introduction of Internet services in Japan and the high penetration of broadband networks seen there today, with over 99% of all households having access to optical-fiber subscriber lines. Serving as secretary general of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) from 1998 to 2006, Dr. Utsumi transformed one of the world’s oldest international organizations into a leader for the emerging information society. He helped navigate the change from traditional telephone-based technology to IP-based technology and led the adaptation of international rules to meet the needs of the emerging technologies. The ITU’s standardization efforts under Utsumi’s leadership have helped realize today’s all-IP communications networks and 3G mobile communications. His organization of the two phases of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) resulted in adoption of many international agreements such as the Geneva Declaration of Principles and the Tunis Agenda for the Information Society. WSIS agreements provide world leaders with a clear roadmap for shaping a people-centered, inclusive, and development-oriented information society.
Dr. Utsumi is currently president of the Japan Telecommunications Engineering and Consulting Service and advisor to Toyota Info Technology Center Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan.
Wang Jianzhou not only has led China Mobile Communications Corporation to be the world’s largest telecommunications operator, but he has done so with a purpose of social responsibility for the benefit of China’s population. Serving as chief executive of China Mobile since 2004, Dr. Wang has driven the company to rank first among the world’s telecommunication operators in user base, network size, and market value. More than just a financial success story, Dr. Wang has instilled his commitment to social responsibility by providing extensive network coverage to China’s rural areas. Despite business analysts who thought opening up the rural market would be unprofitable, Dr. Wang has set an example of how business can strike a balance between financial performance and social responsibility. His visionary leadership has provided China with a mobile network that covers 99% of its population, including 77,000 remote villages. By bridging the digital gap between China’s urban and rural areas, Dr. Wang has improved the country’s infrastructure, stimulated the rural economy, and changed the livelihood of China’s farming population. The lives of those in the rural areas have been improved through access to up-to-date market and other important information via mobile communications, enabling them to make better-informed decisions. Also under Dr. Wang, China Mobile is the first telecommunications company in China to incorporate climate-change considerations in its corporate-level strategy, investing in energy-saving technologies such as an Internet Protocol-based network; smart power conservation by carrier frequency; and by shifting to wind, solar, and other sustainable energy sources.
Dr. Wang is currently chairman of China Mobile Communications Corporation, Beijing, China.
Chairman and Chief Mentor
Infosys Technologies, Ltd.
“For founding and leading the extraordinary growth of Infosys Ltd., notable for its ethical stance, and for supporting empowerment of members of disadvantaged rural communities.”
Gerald J. Posakony?s contributions to ultrasonics enabled the technology to move from curiosity to an important tool for medical diagnosis and nondestructive evaluation. In the early 1950s he was the lead engineer on an ultrasonic diagnostic imaging system for investigating disease processes in the human body. The device was considered experimental at the time, but the technology served as the basis for most of the ultrasonic devices in use today.
Mr. Posakony?s expertise in transducer design, the ?critical component? of an ultrasound system, is highly sought after, as he understands the materials, their limitations and capabilities and the circuits and systems needed to excite the transducers and measure and display the data. For nondestructive evaluation, he has found solutions to problems where there was no standard test method available and developed the needed ultrasonic technology.
He created a program for the Electric Power Research Institute to conduct inspections of nuclear power plant components using an ultrasonic phased array system. The system needed to be built from scratch, and Posakony designed, fabricated and tested the phased arrays. He also developed a transducer to test for aging in the Sparrow solid rocket motor, enabling the U.S national inventory to be screened and aged motors to be identified and removed, avoiding possible failures and improving overall safety.
Mr. Posakony is currently a senior research scientist in advanced ultrasonic wave propagation and sonochemistry at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, where he continues to work on designing and testing novel methods for delivery of high-power ultrasonic fields for treating cells and processing fluid streams.
Jong Yong Yun has served as CEO of Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. since 1997. Faced with a financial crisis in the Asian market, one of Mr. Yun?s first initiatives as CEO was to institute a massive reorganization effort and instill a corporate culture that stressed continuous innovation. For the next 10 years, under his leadership, Samsung?s revenues grew five-fold to $103 billion., achieving a ranking in the Top 50 companies in the 2007 Fortune Global 500.
Mr. Yun envisioned the future direction of the TV industry and predicted the transition from analog to digital TV. During his tenure, Samsung has become a global consumer electronics technology leader in some of the fastest-growing segments of the electronics market?digital TV, flash memory and liquid crystal displays.
Mr. Yun is one of the key players in partnering Samsung with Seoul National University to initiate a special scholarship program for talented young students abroad. This program provides the financial support for the selected students to obtain their master?s degrees and an opportunity to be employed by Samsung afterward.
Mr. Yun has received a number of awards for his leadership at Samsung including Asia?s Businessman of the Year award from Fortune, and the Outstanding Achievement Award in Management from the Institute of Industrial Engineers. He also has been recognized as one of BusinessWeek?s Top 25 Managers of the Year, and was named one of the World?s 30 Most Respected CEOs, according to Barron?s. Mr. Yun is also chairman of the Accreditation Board for Engineering Education of Korea and president of National Academy Engineering of Korea. He holds a bachelor?s degree from Seoul National University, Korea.
Ian Campbell McRae had a long and successful career at Eskom, South Africa’s national electric utility, where he rose through the ranks from apprentice fitter in 1947 to become the company’s chief executive officer in the mid 1980s. His career at Eskom spanned a period of rapid growth of the country and company, allowing him to participate in many corporate milestones including the construction of Eskom's current fleet of power stations, including all those powered by coal, hydroelectric, pumped storage, as well as the Koeberg nuclear power station.
Dr. McRae played a significant role in raising the standard of living in Southern Africa through his “electricity-for-all” campaign, which made electricity accessible and affordable to the region’s impoverished. These initiatives, and others, helped Eskom pre-empt and adapt to the social and political changes of the 1990s. Dr. McRae was very influential among organizations such as the World Energy Council (WEC) and the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO). His activities with these organizations brought him to the forefront of energy matters worldwide.
When he retired from Eskom in 1994, his reputation for fair governance and management with vision attracted many offers to help with governance on boards and commissions of interest to electric utilities. Subsequently, Dr. McRae established and became chairman of the first National Electricity Regulator (NER) in South Africa, and chairman of Southern African Development through Electricity (Sadelec) and Rotek Industries, He also was recognized as the honorary vice-president of the South African National Energy Association (SANEA), the South African national committee of the World Energy Association (WEC).
Dr. McRae has received many prestigious awards for both his business leadership and humanitarian work. He obtained both his bachelor’s of science in mechanical engineering and an honorary doctorate of engineering from the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg.
The holder of 59 patents, Tsutae Shinoda has been engaged in the development of monochrome and color plasma display panels (PDPs) since he joined Fujitsu Laboratories Limited, Japan, in 1973. By 1980, many research groups, including Fujitsu, observed a short device life time, and discontinued research into color PDPs. Nevertheless, Dr. Shinoda continued his investigation of the technology. His persistence was rewarded in1983 when he invented a three-electrode surface-discharge structure that overcame the observed short-life issue.
Dr. Shinoda also invented the Address Display period separation sub-field method for a high-level grayscale display in 1990. With these innovative technologies, he successfully developed the world’s first practical video graphics array PDP in 1992—a 21-inch, diagonal-color PDP with 260 thousand colors—and the first 42-inch in 1995, thereby largely contributing to the current marketplace success of high-definition television.
Shinoda started his research of plasma display panels after earning admission to his native Japan’s Hiroshima University in 1970, from which he obtained bachelor’s and master’s degrees in electrical engineering. He also received his doctorate in electro-communication engineering from Tohoku University, Sendai, in 2000.
Dr. Shinoda is a Chairman at Shinoda Plasma Co.,Ltd., a General Manager of Engineering at Advanced PDP Development Center Co.Ltd. and also serves as a professor at the Hiroshima University. He received the Japan Patent Award in 2002 from the Prime Minister of Japan, the Kerl Ferdinand Braun Prize from the Society for Information Display in 2003, and the Purple Ribbon Medal in Japan from the Japanese Emperor in 2004.
When Vladimir Rokhlin, a professor of computer science and mathematics at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, invented fast multipole methods (FMM), he revolutionized the way engineers and scientists solve tough problems. The FMM method is a highly regarded computational tool used in electromagnetics, microwaves and Radio Frequency (RF) applications which has had a significant impact in areas ranging from chip design, antenna characterization, printed board circuit and radar cross analysis. "IEEE Computational Science and Engineering Magazine" named FMM one of the top 10 algorithms of the 20th Century.
Dr. Rokhlin's pioneering work on FMM opened a new branch of computational mathematics and engineering that made possible technical calculations that could not be done before. Beyond its scientific applications, FMM has been enormously influential because of its commercial impact. For instance, it forms the basis for commercial software for electronic packaging analysis and semiconductor design. It also is at the forefront of electromagnetic simulation, opening the door for tools fast enough to be used in closed-loop CAD environments targeting physical design.
FMM has affected many other fields. Astronomers are using it to calculate coulombic interactions betweens stars in galaxies. Physical biologists and chemists use it to calculate molecular interactions, while electrical engineers use it to solve capacitance and inductance problems. It also allows engineers to solve integral equations for static, time-harmonic and transient electromagnetic phenomena accurately and rapidly.
Dr. Rokhlin is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the recipient of the American Mathematical Society Leroy P. Steele Award for a Seminal Contribution to Research.
An inventor and physicist, Dean Kamen has dedicated his life to developing innovative technologies that dramatically improve healthcare and help people lead better lives. While a college undergraduate, Dean Kamen invented a wearable infusion pump that reliably administered precise doses of medication to patients with a variety of medical conditions. The device gained rapid acceptance from medical specialties such as chemotherapy, neonatology and endocrinology. In 1976, he founded AutoSyringe, Inc. to manufacture and market the pumps. Mr. Kamen founded DEKA Research & Development Corp. in Manchester, New Hampshire in 1982. Some notable healthcare products and technologies developed at DEKA include the HomeChoice? portable dialysis machine, a breakthrough device for individuals with chronic renal failure, and the Independence? iBOT? 3000 Mobility System, a quantum improvement in wheelchair technology.
Among his proudest accomplishments is the creation of FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology), an organization dedicated to motivating young people to understand, use and enjoy science and technology.This year, there are almost 7,000 FIRST teams around the world involving over 84,000 students.
Under Jorma Ollila's direction, Nokia in Espoo, Finland, has been a leader in the worldwide mobile communications boom. His leadership transformed the company from a national conglomerate into a global presence, with a reputation for technical innovation and strong management practices. During his 18-year tenure, Nokia has been admired and respected for its grasp of emerging mobile technologies.
Dr. Ollila worked for Citibank in London before moving to Nokia in Finland in 1985. After just one year in the company, he became senior vice president of finance and a member of the Group Executive Board. He was later named president of Nokia's mobile phone division, where he played a major role in making mobile communications ubiquitous. He was appointed president and chief executive officer in 1992 and chairman of the board and chief executive officer in 1999. Since then, he has been honored as one of the 25 most influential CEOs by Time magazine, one of the top 25 Executives of the Year by Business Week, and CEO of the Year by Industry Week.
Dr. Ollila has received numerous honors, including the Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit of Germany; the Order of Merit and Officer's Cross of Hungary; and the Order of White Star of Estonia. He has been named Commander, 1st Class of the Order of the White Rose of Finland
and Commander of the Order of Orange-Nassau. He is a Board member of the Ford Motor Company and UPM-Kymmene and is a member of the European Round Table of Industrialists.
For more than 30 years, Tadashi Sasaki has led major accomplishments in the miniaturization and power optimization of small electronics, making the commercialization of liquid crystal display (LCD) technology possible.
Dr. Sasaki joined Hayakawa Electric Industry Co. (now Sharp Corporation) in Osaka, Japan, in 1969, as corporate executive director. Disheartened by the unwieldy technology of the time, he focused on creating a palm-sized calculator. Through the use of LCD and CMOS LSI technology, his team at Sharp unveiled pocketsized calculators with the smallest displays that had been seen in the field. This development paved the way for LCD use in watches, automobile navigation systems, PDAs, TVs and other consumer electronics.
With the demand for ecologically sound energy becoming increasingly important worldwide, Dr. Sasaki changed direction to lead research in solar power cells and other clean energy sources. His work culminated in Sharp's 1980 release of solar-powered calculators. After retiring from Sharp in 1993 as corporate senior executive vice president, he founded the International Center for Materials Research Inc., in Kanagawa, Japan. He is chairman of the board and chief executive officer leading the research and development of new industrial materials using nanotechnology and under the concept of co-creation.
Dr. Sasaki's honors include Japan's Blue Ribbon Award and Third Degree Order of the Rising Sun, the Ichimura Award, the First Degree Prize from the Dresden Institute of Technology and NASA's Apollo
Achievement Award. He has been director of the Society for Nontraditional Technology and the International Media Research Foundation, and president of the Hybrid Microelectronics Association and Japan Business Machine Makers Association.
Through his visionary leadership, James C. Morgan has had a major impact on the advancement of semiconductors, while helping to bring the Information Age to people around the world. Chief Executive Officer of Applied Materials, Santa Clara, Calif., since 1977, and chairman of the Board since 1987, he has led the company as it introduced numerous products and processes across a wide range of semiconductor manufacturing technologies. Since he joined the company, it has been issued approximately 2000 patents worldwide. Nearly every new chip made in the world today passes through a piece of manufacturing equipment produced by Applied Materials.
As president, director and director emeritus, Mr. Morgan has helped guide Semiconductor Equipment Materials International into becoming a global industry voice for setting standards. He also was a founder and board member of SEMI/SEMATECH, a collaboration between the semiconductor and equipment industries. Serving as an advisor to the U.S. government, he was appointed to the Commission on United States-Pacific Trade and Investment Policy by President Bill Clinton, and the National Advisory Committee on Semiconductors by President George H.W. Bush.
Mr. Morgan was awarded the 1996 U.S. National Medal of Technology, and was named one of the five best CEOs in America by Worth magazine. He serves on a number of boards including those of Cisco Systems, the Congressional Economic Leadership Institute, the National Center for Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, and the California Nature Conservancy. He is co-author of the book Cracking the Japanese Market: Strategies for Success in the New Global Economy.
Charles M. Geschke has had a tremendous impact on the software industry, both as a technical innovator and as a visionary business leader.
Co-founder of Adobe Systems, now one of the world?s leading software suppliers, Dr. Geschke has helped spark a graphics revolution. He lead a team to design and implement PostScript, an interpretive programming language for describing the appearance of a printed page. This technology has transformed the worldwide printing industry from a manual and mechanical process into a fully automated, electronic workflow. Other Adobe products such as Acrobat, Illustrator, Photoshop, and Premiere, have had a major influence on the design and electronic distribution of information on the Web. Dr. Geschke retired from his operating role as President of Adobe Systems in March of 2000, but continues as co-chairman.
Prior to the founding of Adobe Systems, Dr. Geschke worked at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), where he helped design and develop the Mesa programming language and machine architecture, formed the Imaging Sciences Laboratory at PARC to focus research on computer graphics and electronic printing systems, and was a leader in the design of Interpress, a device independent printing protocol.
Born on 11 September 1939, in Cleveland, Ohio, Charles M. Geschke received his B.A. and M.A. from Xavier University, in 1962 and 1963, respectively. He received his Ph.D. from Carnegie-Mellon University in 1972.
Dr. Geschke is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). He has been honored for his technical and managerial achievements by numerous organizations, including Carnegie-Mellon University, the National Computer Graphics Association, and the Rochester Institute of Technology. He also received the 1991 Entrepreneur of the Year Award and was a co-recipient of the 1989 ACM Software Systems Award.
Dr. Geschke is on several advisory, business, and non-profit boards, including the Board of Governors of the San Francisco Symphony, the computer-science advisory boards of Carnegie-Mellon University and Princeton University, the Board of Trustees of the University of San Francisco, the Board of Directors of the Commonwealth Club of San Francisco, and the Board of Directors of Rambus, Inc.