With the dominant role synchronous machines play in electric power generation around the world, Innocent Kamwa’s standards work has been integral to more efficient and safer operation of the power grid. Kamwa pioneered large synchronous machines standards for computerized determination of parameters from tests, which are key in settling contractual terms between utilities and major manufacturers while providing critical data for network reliability studies, grid code certification, and electric drives design. The standstill frequency response testing method he developed has been accepted as the most inexpensive, risk-free, and accurate method of synchronous machines model identification for use in a wide range of engineering studies. His wide-area control and protection systems have increased the power transfer limit of the grid while minimizing the risk of a total system blackout.
An IEEE Fellow, Kamwa is Manager—power systems simulation and evolution with the Hydro-Quebec Research Institute, Varennes, Quebec, Canada.
A champion of improving electrical safety in the workplace, Craig M. Wellman’s founding and chairing of the working group that developed the IEEE 1584-2002 standard for performing arc flash hazard calculations has reduced injuries and saved lives. This groundbreaking standard provides a method to predict the severity of arc flashes so that workers can wear appropriate arc-rated clothing or revise protective devices to reduce the hazards. Wellman volunteered to lead the 47-person working group through the process of reviewing available data, defining a test program, soliciting funds, conducting testing, analyzing data, developing a model, writing the standard, and working through the ballot process. Remarkably completed within two years, the standard has impacted the design of power system equipment, safe work practices, personal protective equipment, and worker training.
An IEEE Life Fellow, Wellman was employed by DuPont for 30 years and then worked as an independent consultant. He resides in Newark, DE, USA.
David John Law has inspired a rich culture of professionalism, transparency, and a drive to “go the extra mile” to ensure the quality of IEEE 802.3 Ethernet and other IEEE standards. His contributions share a central theme of demystifying standards and demonstrating the value of a rigorous standards development process. As chair of the IEEE 802.3 Ethernet Working group, under Law’s leadership the breadth of the IEEE 802.3 Ethernet Standard has grown beyond enterprise and campus networks as he has worked to see important expansion of capabilities into new, diverse applications. Law has provided expert guidance to other standards efforts through his work with the IEEE SA Standards Board, the IEEE Standards Education Committee, and the IEEE 802 LAN/MAN Standards Committee’s University Outreach Program.
An IEEE Senior member, Law is a distinguished technologist with Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Oban, Argyll, Scotland.
Hermann Koch’s dedication to advancing gas-insulating switchgear (GIS) and line (GIL) technology for the power industry is enabling the safe transmission of high electric power over greater distances and into space-constrained environments where overhead power lines are not viable. Working with Siemens AG, Koch developed new insulating gas mixtures for high-voltage systems, adopted pipeline laying technology to electrical systems, and was responsible for the installation of the first GIL system using these new techniques in 2001. Koch has helped increase global access to GIS and GIL technology by promoting improved standardization efforts between the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and IEEE. He influenced IEEE to develop standards for high- and medium-voltage GIS and GIL and promoted IEC positions while a member of the IEEE Standards Activities Board.
An IEEE Fellow, Koch is a principle expert with the Energy Management Division at Siemens AG, Erlangen, Germany.
Steve M. Mills has tirelessly worked to raise the level of acceptance of IEEE standards at the formal international level and in the worldwide marketplace. A past president of the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE SA) and the first person appointed chair of the IEEE SA Standards Board for the maximum of three years, Mills’ leadership and contributions focused on supporting the development of the IEEE SA’s business strategy, international strategy, and intellectual property strategy, as well as support of the introduction of new standards technology areas. Mr. Mills was instrumental in the creation of OpenStand, a movement dedicated to the development of market-driven standards that are global and open, enabling standards without borders to further drive innovation.
An IEEE Senior member, Mr. Mills is a currently a strategist who retired from Hewlett-Packard Company’s Industry Standards Program Office, Sunnyvale, CA, USA, in 2011.
Mark McGranaghan’s expertise and dedication to power-engineering standards development have improved power quality worldwide. Mr. McGranaghan has been a pioneer in the advancement of power quality standards since the creation of IEEE Standards Coordinating Committee 22 in the early 1990s. He was a leading force in the development of industry standards for power system harmonics (IEEE 519) and has contributed to standards and industry guides in a variety of other power quality areas including flicker, voltage sags, and transients. He is also known for his contributions to IEEE Standard 1547 regarding the connection of distributed generation sources to the power grid, which is considered one of the most important power-engineering standards of the past decade.
An IEEE Fellow, Mr. McGranaghan is vice president of power delivery and utilization with the Electric Power Research Institute, Knoxville, TN, USA.
Mohindar S. Sachdev’s passion for standards development made him a driving force in creating and revising guidelines for safer and reliable electric power systems. Through hands-on writing and key leadership, Dr. Sachdev became a cornerstone of the IEEE Power System Relaying Committee’s success in publishing important standards and guides impacting power system protection. As technology evolved, Dr. Sachdev played an important role in revising standards originally written for electromechanical and analog devices to reflect the role of digital technology in the automation, control, and protection that has led to today’s smart grids. His work focused on areas ranging from differential and polarized circuit testing to grounding of secondary circuits and protection of power transformers to protective relay applications for transmission lines.
An IEEE Life Fellow, Dr. Sachdev is Professor Emeritus with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.
Daleep C. Mohla’s dedication to developing safer equipment and promoting safety standards has helped reduce the number of electrical-related accidents in the workplace over the past 25 years. With experience designing and constructing the electrical infrastructure of petrochemical facilities while with Union Carbide from 1976 to 2001, Mohla employed his “safety by design” concepts, examining each infrastructure design aspect to maximize safety, resulting in many innovations. To spread his safety concepts, Mohla became very involved in the standards field, assisting in creating new standards and modifying existing ones. During the 1990s, Mohla served as chair of the Electrical Functional Team of the Process Industry Practices group, convincing industrial entities to share electrical safety designs. Mohla continues to contribute his expertise to the standards process today, serving multiple IEEE Standards Association Working Groups related to petrochemical industry safety and arc flash hazard analysis and recommended practices to improve electrical safety.
An IEEE Fellow, Mohla is currently a principal consultant with DCM Electrical Consulting Services, Inc., Missouri City, TX.
James W. Moore has been a driving force in unifying international standards for consistent software engineering guidelines. He has worked tirelessly at aligning the efforts of IEEE and ISO, the two principal standards development organizations. He was the head of the U.S. delegation to ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7 and led the development of U.S. positions on international standards issues. He provides strategic planning and guidance for the evolution of the IEEE Computer Society’s collection of standards. As the IEEE Computer Society liaison to ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7, Moore is responsible for a long-term harmonization program to ensure consistent standards that has already produced results. Since 1998, he has been one of the executive editors responsible for managing the IEEE Computer Society’s Guide to Software Engineering Body of Knowledge. It is recognized by both IEEE and ISO/IEC as the authoritative reference on codified software engineering knowledge.
An IEEE Fellow, Moore is a senior principal information systems engineer with The MITRE Corporation, McLean, VA.
A driving force in the development of standards, Richard DeBlasio has helped pave the way for integration of “green” energy resources with the electric power grid. Mr. DeBlasio standardized how distributed resources such as solar energy, wind power and hydro generation are to be interconnected with the grid. He brought together many stakeholders with competing interests to create a standard that is respected by all who use it. IEEE Standard 1547 (“Standard for the Interconnection of Distributed Resources with the Electric Power System”) removed many of the barriers to utilizing renewable energy sources to complement central power systems and made development of nontraditional energy sources more feasible. It became the national standard for interconnection and has had a significant effect on how the energy industry does business.
An IEEE Life Senior Member, he is currently the principal laboratory program manager for electricity research and development programs at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO.
As chair of the IEEE 802 LAN/MAN Standards Committee from 1996 to 2000, chair of ISO/IEC JTC1/SC6 and President of the IEEE Standards Association, James T. Carlo’s leadership and contributions have benefited the global community by helping enable the information technology revolution.
Dr. Carlo’s success stems from a determination to drive technical consensus in a fair, open, honest, ethical, and even-handed approach. During his term, the 802.11 Wi-Fi and 802.3 Gigabit Internet standards were published, the Bluetooth specification was brought into the IEEE and the 802.16 activity that has become the basis for the multibillion-dollar worldwide deployment of WiMAX technology was initiated. Perhaps his greatest contribution to standardization was his leadership in the development of the 802.5 standard for token ring LANSs that overcame the interoperability problems of the previous version of the standard. Dr. Carlo is a coauthor of Understanding Token Ring Protocols and Standards.
An IEEE Fellow, Dr. Carlo is currently the president of J. Carlo Consulting LLC, Dallas, TX.
Roy Billinton, during his 40-year career, has been instrumental in the development of many of the statistical quantities and applications of probability theory methods now considered common in the industry for the planning, design, and operation of electric power systems. He currently serves as an emeritus professor in the department of electrical and computer engineering at the University of Saskatchewan (Saskatoon, Saskatchewan) in Canada and has mentored over 120 M.Sc. and Ph.D. students. Billinton has authored or co-authored over 850 published papers and eight books. He is a founding member of the consultative committee on outage statistics created by the engineering and operating division of the Canadian Electricity Association (CEA). Under his guidance, CEA has developed and operates a very comprehensive power system outage data collection system. An IEEE Life Fellow, he has previously received the IEEE Canada Outstanding Engineer Educator Award and was recently elected a Foreign Associate of the United States National Academy of Engineering.
Popularly known as the “Father of Wi-Fi,” Vic Hayes is senior research fellow at Delft University of Technology in Delft, Netherlands. From its inception in 1990 through 2000, Mr. Hayes chaired the IEEE standards workgroup that defined the IEEE 802.11 set of wireless networking standards, better known as Wi-Fi. The establishment of IEEE 802.11 launched a brand-new, multibillion-dollar industry for wireless, high-data-transfer rate computer communications, enabling people worldwide to access the Internet where they want, when they want, using their laptops, PDAs, or other wireless devices.
The Wi-Fi standard has been adopted by countries around the world; as communities and countries create their own networks, more vendors entering the market have caused price competition and lower costs for wireless devices. Mr. Hayes’ leadership is one of the reasons that low-cost, nearly ubiquitous wireless LAN connectivity exists today.
Through his leadership and active participation in various organizations, Mr. Hayes helped bring global recognition of the need for additional spectrum for wireless computer networks. Through the Wi-Fi Alliance he mobilized the computer industry into regulatory activities, with the result that the World Radio Conference 2003 allocated an additional 455 MHz of radio spectrum in the 5 GHz area for wireless access devices.
Dr. S. Mark Halpin has been a driving force in the development of uniform power systems and power quality standards that promote worldwide reliability and safety.
He has worked tirelessly to create international standards that advance the state of the art of power systems engineering. His work in both the IEEE Power Engineering and IEEE Industry Applications Societies resulted in the creation of nearly 40 IEEE power standards.
Besides authoring or contributing to the IEEE Color Book series of power standard, he also initiated a major reorganization of the series, thus enhancing its usefulness to practicing engineers and engineering students.
Dr. Halpin, who is the Alabama Power Company Distinguished Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Auburn University in Auburn, AL, has made many other related contributions. These include pioneering methods for both power quality measurement and techniques to identify areas of bulk power transmission systems subject to voltage and angular stability problems.
An IEEE Fellow, Dr. Halpin received the 1998 IEEE IAS Outstanding Young Member Award and an IEEE Third Millennium Medal.
Dr. Wallace Read of St. Johns, Newfoundland, Canada, brought a worldview to the IEEE Standards process that forever changed the way the organization serves its constituents. As vice president of IEEE Standards Activities from 1993 to 1994, he strengthened relations with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) thereby positioning the IEEE for a greater leadership role in international standards development. During this same period, Dr. Read played a key role in refining IEEE Standards Activities' departmental activities and structure to better serve industry through the formation of the IEEE Standards Association (SA) and the IEEE Industry Standards and Technology Organization (IEEE-ISTO).
An IEEE Life Fellow, Dr. Read served as IEEE president in 1996 and was on the IEEE Board of Directors for a decade. His many honors include the IEEE Standards Association International Award, the IEEE Power Engineering Society's Power Life Award, and Member of the Order of Canada.
For more than three decades, Mr. Julian "Jay" Forster has worked to develop standards for the nuclear power industry and promote the IEEE as a key standardization organization. A proponent of applying computers to the standards process, Mr. Forster chaired the IEEE Standards Board from 1969 to 1971 and is one of only two Members-Emeriti. His work on IEEE Standard 279 (now IEEE Standard 603) "Criteria for Protection Systems for Nuclear Power Generating Stations" was integral to establishing safety system requirements for these facilities.
An IEEE Life Fellow, Mr. Forster is a member of the IEEE Computer, Power Engineering and Nuclear and Plasma Sciences (NPSS) Societies. He has received the IEEE Professional Achievement award, the IEEE Standards Board Distinguished Service Award, the IEEE Third Millennium Medal, and the IEEE NPSS Richard F. Shea Distinguished Member Award. Since 1996 he has served as a retired consultant for General Electric Nuclear Energy in San Jose, CA.
Throughout his 42-year tenure with the Hewlett-Packard Company (HP) and more than 30 years of service to the IEEE, Don C. Loughry has guided the development of digital interface standards and designed the model for standards development worldwide. As a corporate interface engineer in the 1970s, he led the H-P Interface Bus team, whose work became the basis for IEEE Standard 488, "Digital Interface for Programmable Instrumentation." Within a decade of publication, the standard was used in thousands of products in the test instrumentation field. Mr. Loughry also was key to the development of the IEEE 802.3 Ethernet LAN standard. This standard is used in over 300 million PCs, resulting in greater business productivity. He also helped launch the IEEE Standards Association, serving as its first president and as IEEE vice president of Standards in 1996.
An IEEE Senior member, Mr. Loughry's numerous honors include an IEEE Standards Board Medallion, IEEE Standards Board Distinguished Service Award, and the ANSI Lohse Information Technology Medal.
Mr. Ben C. Johnson has been a leader at all levels of standards development. His guidance was indispensable in the development of IEEE Std. 515, Recommended Practice for the Testing, Design, Installation, and Maintenance of Electrical Resistance Heat Tracing for Industrial Applications, and the International Electro-technical Commission standard based on IEEE Std. 515. As United States delegate to the IEC, he is the convener for TC31 Working Group 5, Electrical Equipment in Flammable Atmospheres, Electrical Resistance Trace Heating. He is a technical advisor for IEC TC27, Safety in Electroheat Installations, and is senior vice president at Thermon Manufacturing Company, San Marcos, TX.
Mr. Johnson holds eight patents in the field of surface heating and is responsible for numerous innovations in that field. An IEEE Fellow, he serves as president of the IEEE Standards Association.