"We need to be smarter about how we use our energy sources, if we want to ensure there is enough energy for the future generations. In addition to looking at renewable and clean energy sources, we must look at ways to assure the transmission of energy from such sources to the consumers and also investigate the impacts of such resources on the overall economics. However, the issues of transmission planning and creation of incentives for clean energy sources are fairly complex and finding the workable solutions usually takes time. Hence, it may be wiser to also focus on the demand-side alternatives such as efficiency measures, conservation programs and increasing consumer participation in electricity markets.
"One particularly attractive option includes the use of the so called demand response resources (DRRs), which leads to lower wholesale prices for electricity, lowered generation outputs and an overall decrease in emissions of CO2 and other effluents. The DRRs are important players in the energy area since they consume electricity at times that are economically efficient, decrease the output of green house gases and lessen the need for the construction of new peaking power plants. Further, the DRRs may be used as fast responding reserves to combat the variability of renewable energy generation – as illustrated in the case of ERCOT."
As a student member of IEEE, Anupama S. Kowli received her B.E. in electrical engineering from the University of Mumbai, India, in 2006. During her Bachelor's course, she was awarded the prestigious Siemens Budding Technocrats Scholarship, which brought her to the Siemens High Voltage Facility and Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) located in Mumbai. During her undergraduate studies, she was involved in organizing several technical conferences. She also helped set up an exhibition for school children to showcase the technical advances in the field of engineering.
Currently, Anupama is completing her M.S. thesis on the topic of demand response resources (DRRs). Such resources are aggregations of industrial and commercial loads that offer to curtail energy consumption for specified time periods and compete side-by-side with the generation resources in the electricity markets. DRRs impact wholesale electricity prices, resource and transmission investments as well as emissions of green house gases such as CO2 and other effluents. Anupama is developing tools to quantify the impacts of DRRs in large interconnected systems, such as regional transmission organizations or independent system operators, for applications such as long-term planning and policy analyses. Her research interests broadly cover the areas of power systems economics, planning and operations, electricity markets and auctions as well as power system simulations. After her master of science, she plans to continue toward a doctorate degree in electrical engineering.
Key trends Anupama Kowli can discuss: