Copyright is a nearly exclusive right of an author to control the distribution and reproduction of his/her original works (see "Fair Use" below).
Copyright exists the moment a work is first fixed in some tangible, perceptible form.
Copyright protects the expression of an idea, NOT the idea itself.
The CCC code is constructed as follows:
ISSN or Product Code/volume year/$CCC fee
for the most recent version of the form.
Crown copyright is used only when an author is (or ALL authors are) employed by a Crown government (i.e., British or Canadian). If a paper falls into the Crown copyright category, then the IEEE copyright line is deleted and the following wording is used instead:
�20xx Canadian [or British] Crown Copyright
Fair Use refers to a set of ideas or concepts intended to limit (under specific circumstances) the near-exclusive rights of the copyright owner. However, because Fair Use is a doctrine and not a fixed body of laws, no generally applicable definition is available.
Broadly, infringement occurs when a work is reused without the author's/owner's permission, regardless of the fact that the reused work includes full attribution to the original author.
Plagiarism is the act of using someone else's work in such a way as to make it appear as one's own.�