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Browser support

For the most optimized experience, it is recommended that visitors view with one of the following browsers.

Note: IEEE Xplore does not support IE8 or IE9. See browser support information for IEEE Xplore.

Other popular browsers and versions (including mobile devices) are also regularly tested by IEEE and, wherever possible, efforts have been made to ensure that key content and functionality are accessible. If your browser is not supported, you should still be able to access the site but may encounter some display problems.


The site has been developed to comply with Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act and checkpoints of WCAG 2.0 to provide access to all individuals, with or without disabilities, seeking information on IEEE strives to increase accessibility of web content and continues to work to improve methods to make content available to all viewers. If you are having difficulty accessing content on the site, or if you have suggestions to improve it, please fill out the feedback form.

Data encryption

For your protection, IEEE uses 128-bit Secured Socket Layer (SSL) strong encryption during your online sessions. You will not be able to access the site with browsers that do not support 128-bit encryption.

Encryption is a sophisticated way of scrambling all information transmitted online before it leaves your computer so that all information, including username, passwords, and any online financial transactions, are completely unreadable by unauthorized third parties. No transactional information will be transmitted without first being encrypted.

To verify that your browser is setup for 128-bit encryption see the following instructions.
Internet Explorer users:

  1. From the top browser menu, click on Help.
  2. From the drop down menu, select About Internet Explorer.
  3. The information displayed for Cipher Strength is the encryption level (i.e. Cipher Strength: 128-bit).
  4. If it does not say 128-bit, then you do not have a browser with 128-bit encryption.

Firefox Users:
All versions of Mozilla Firefox support 128-bit encryption.

Safari Users:
The Safari browser displays a lock icon at the top right corner of the browser window when you're viewing a secure (https://) site. This symbol is absent when viewing an unsecured (http://) site. Safari can use both 40-bit and 128-bit strong encryption; the Web Site determines which level of encryption is used at a given time.

Google Chrome:
All versions of Google Chrome support 128-bit encryption.

Additional information

For optimal viewing, please enable JavaScript and Adobe Flash and set screen resolutions to at least 1024x768 pixels.